Atwood, Margaret. “The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake in Context.” PMLA:
Publications of the Modern Language Association of America119.3 (May 2004): 512-517.

Written by Margaret Atwood, this article supplies readers with information on information about the writing of and context behind her novels The Handmaid’s Tale and Oryx and Crake. Beginning with the genre of her writing, Atwood explains her definition of speculative fiction, as well as how it differs from science fiction. She then describes how she developed her feel from the genre, including her own history. The kinds of narratives she discusses are defined and listed before Atwood begins discussing her own novels. These, too, are placed in genres, and the differences and similarities between the novels are listed. This article is very informative if researching the backgrounds of the novels.

Barr, Marleen. “Textism-An Emancipation Proclamation.” Publications of the Modern
Language Association of America 119 (2004): 429-441.

Bouson, Brooks. “It’s Gave Over Forever: Atwood’s Satiric Vision of a Bioengineered
Posthuman Future in Orxy and Crake.” Journal of Commonweath Literature 39.3 (2004): 139-56.

Dimarco, Danette. "Paradice Lost, Paradise Regained: Homo Faber and the Makings of a New Beginning in Oryx and Crake." Papers on Language and Literature: a Journal for Scholars and Critics of Language and Literature 41 (2005): 170-195.

In the DiMarco article Paradise Lost, Paradise Regained there are many topics discussed, with some of the most interesting being the elimination of labor and the technological advances that people are making. DiMarco also speaks about the technological advancements that people have made, and how they are designed to improve our lives. He also talks about how it only matters the amount of product we can produce, not how we produce it. DiMarco feels that the bottom line is in how much profit can be made.

Dobson, Andrew. “Genetic Engineering: Pigoons and ChickieNobs on the Other Side of
‘ Enough’.” Environmental Politics 13.3 (2004): 642-649.

Dunning, Stephen. "Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake: the Terror of the Theraputic." Canadian Literature (2005): 86-101.

This article deals with the comparison of Oryx and Crake to the Huxley novel Brave New World. During the course of reading it, Dunning shows readers the similarities these two novels have. Dunning’s article also discussed the stratification that was used in the school system and showed the difference between being a “numbers” person or a “word” person and where that placed you in society. The article also spoke of the “The Christian Trinity” that could be seen when you look at Crake, Oryx, and Snowman/Jimmy in the novel.

Griffiths, Anthony. “Genetics According to Oryx and Crake.” Canadian Literature 1.181
(2004): 192-195.

Hayward, Peter. “Oryx and Crake” Lancet Neurology 2 (2003): 580.

Howells, Coral Ann. “Bad News.” Canadian Literature 183 (2004): 92-93.

Howells, Coral Ann. "Margaret Atwood's Dystopian Visions: The Handmaid's Tale and Oryx and Crake." The Cambridge Companion to Margaret Atwood. Ed. Coral Ann Howells. Cambridge Companions to Literature. Cambridge, UK ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 161-75.

Ingersoll, Earl G. “Survival in Margaret Atwood’s Novel Oryx and Crake.” A Journal of
Science Fiction and Fantasy 45.2 (2004): 162-175.

This article is basically a rough summary of the novel. It begins with the debate over whether the author is the real authority of his/her work once it is published. Luckily, Ingersoll believes that Margaret Atwood is a wonderful source on her own writing. Therefore, he continually relies on her (statements) throughout the essay. He discusses the location of Oryx and Crake, saying that he believed that it would have taken place somewhere in the American southwest. He discusses her inspiration for writing the novel, including the society of Australia and the aftermath of 9/11. He says that Atwood seems to be interested in the types of biological warfare that might occur in our future. He also compares the compounds in the book to Atwood’s experience in Toronto when they closed the city during the SARS crisis.

Mundler, Helen E. "Heritage, Pseudo-Heritage and Survival in a Spurious Wor(L)D: Oryx and Crake by Margaret Atwood." Commonwealth Essays and Studies 27.1 (2004): 89-98.

Squier, Susan M.. “A Tale Meant to Inform, Not to Amuse.” Science November 14,
2003, Vol. 302 Issue 5648: 1154-1155.

Susan M. Squier discusses the dystopian society in the novel Oryx and Crake and how the schools that educate the characters help to promote this type of society. Martha Graham and Waston-Crick are compared on a social-class level within this text as well. Oryx’s role in the novel is analyzed as well as Jimmy and Crake’s. Squier talks about how in Atwood’s novel, science is about control and art is about decorating science. She makes it obvious that the education system in Oryx and Crake produces nothing but ignorance to the world that the characters are living in.

" Stories About the Future: From Patterns of Expectation to Pattern Recognition." Science Fiction Studies 33 (2006): 452-472.

This article discusses the genre of science fiction, which is used by authors to describe technoculture. Books discussed in the article include "Pattern Recognition," by William Gibson, "Oryx and Crake," by Margaret Atwood, and "Schild's Ladder," by Greg Egan. The author discusses each of these books and how they each discuss a technoculture future. (EBSCO Host Abstract)

Tiedemann, Mark W. "Inclusions." New York Review of Science Fiction (2003): 4-6.

Warkentin, Traci. "Dis/Integrating Animals: Ethical Dimensions of the Genetic Engineering of Animals for Human Consumption." AI & Society 20 (2006): 82-102.


Copyright 2006 Dr. Michael O'Conner
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